Sikorsky HH-60 (Pave Hawk) History

The HH-60 Pave Hawk series of all-weather day/night transport helicopters is an Air Force version of the successful UH-60 Black Hawk series. The HH-60 in Air Force service is charged - though not limited to - with the rescue of downed airmen or the insertion of special forces units behind enemy lines and has also been called upon to serve in humanitarian situations. The HH-60 is a reliable and adaptable system that has seen service since its induction and will continue to do so for the near future.

While based on the US Army Black Hawk helicopter, the HH-60 Pave Hawk features a slew of upgraded systems that make it distinct to Air Force usage. In particular, the Pave Hawk maintains several systems designed with night operations in mind that include night vision, forward-looking infra-red and an automatic flight control system. An in-flight retractable probe is also provided for extended operations time. For aircrew rescue, the Pave Hawk fields a retractable hoist system and specialized communications and location equipment.

Power for the Pave Hawk is derived from two General Electric brand T700-GE-700 or T700-GE-701C model engines generating some 1,560 to 1,940 shaft horsepower each. The engines rotate a four-blade main rotor and a four-blade tail rotor while offering speeds of up to 184 miles per hour with a ceiling of 14,000 feet. Standard crew accommodations amount to four personnel that includes two pilots, a flight engineer and a gunner. Additional seating or room for medical litters is provided in the cabin. Armament for the Pave Hawk is made mission specific and can include two machine guns in either the 7. 62mm form or the heavy caliber 12. 7mm.

Classified as a medium-lift helicopter, the system has already seen service through Panama, Desert Storm and beyond, covering recovery efforts in Africa, the Middle East and the US Gulf region after the hurricanes of 2005. As of this writing, the United States Air Force maintains 64 active Pave Hawks in inventory along with 23 held in reserve whilst the Air National Guard carries an additional 18. The HH-60 Pave Hawk currently serves in both Afghanistan and Iraq theaters of war.

Sikorsky HH-60 (Pave Hawk) Specification

BASICS

Year:
1991
Status:
Active, In-Service
Crew:
4

MANUFACTURING

[ 105 Units ]:
United Technologies / Sikorsky Aircraft Company - USA

ROLES

- Transport

- Special Forces

DIMENSIONS

Length:

56. 10 ft (17. 1 m)

Width/Span:

46. 26 ft (14. 1 m)

Height:

16. 73 ft (5. 1 m)

WEIGHTS

Empty Weight:

16,006 lb (7,260 kg)

MTOW:

21,826 lb (9,900 kg)

(Diff: +5,820lb)

POWER

2 x General Electric T700-GE-700 or T700-GE-701C engines developing 1,630 shaft horsepower each driving a four-bladed main rotor and four-bladed tail rotor.

PERFORMANCE

Maximum Speed:

183 mph (294 kph; 159 kts)

Service Ceiling:

13,999 feet (4,267 m; 2. 65 miles)

Maximum Range:

445 miles (716 km; 387 nm)

ARMAMENT

Various. Dependent upon mission requirements. Self-defense armament can include the following:

2 x 7. 62mm M134 miniguns OR 2 x 12. 7mm GAU-18/A miniguns in side fuselage mounts.

VARIANTS

HH-60 - Base Series Designation

HH-60A - Rescue helicopter prototype based on the UH-60A transport.

HH-60D "Night Hawk" - USAF Combat rescue helicopter prototype.

HH-60E - Proposed USAF Search and Rescue (SAR) variant.

HH-60G "Pave Hawk" - USAF SAR variant

MH-60G "Pave Hawk" - SPECOPS SAR variant

HH-60H "Rescue Hawk"

"Maple Hawk" - Proposed SAR variant for Canadian armed forces.

HH-60M

HH-60P "Pave Hawk" - Combat SAR model for South Korea; FLIR capable; increased fuel stores for improved operational ranges.

HH-60W - HH-60G replacement model; combat rescue helicopter.

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