Blohm and Voss Bv 155 History

Blohm & Voss Bv 155 can trace its long and ever-changing history back to a Messerschmitt project called "Me 155". In early 1942, work began on an essentially fully navalized variant of the famous Messerschmitt Bf 109 single-seat, single-engine fighter, which would adorn the decks of the German Navy's under-construction aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin.

By the end of the year, the design of the new fighter was more or less complete, but progress on the launcher was slow, eventually abandoning work on it in favor of other, more pressing Navy programs. This left the Me 155 with little future, so Messerschmidt tried to sell the design to the Luftwaffe for a new "fast bomber" demand, the "Me 155A".

When news of the development of a new high-altitude heavy bomber in the United States, the Boeing B-29 "Superfortress", reached the ears of the German authorities, the urgent need for a long-range high-altitude interceptor arose. Engineers for this, Messerschmitt precisely modified the Their existing Me 155A proposal is now producing a revised "Me 155B". While work on this project was underway, the Messerschmitt facility was overwhelmed with existing wartime demands, and the Me 155B was turned over to aircraft manufacturer Blohm & Voss, whose engineers made their own modifications to the design (which allowed Much to the chagrin of the Messerschmitt engineers).

By the end of 1943, the authorities had commissioned at least five prototypes of this emerging design - now named "Bv 155A" - but there were still many technical problems to be solved.

The Bv 155A had such problems, the product was shelved and replaced by a completely new design approach - this became the "Bv 155B", now loosely based on the Messerschmitt Bf 109G. The aircraft is equipped with a Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" dive bomber landing gear and an all-new wing main and tail. The first prototype of the product was the V1, which eventually recorded its first flight on September 1, 1944. Technical challenges forced more changes to the V2 prototype, further weakening the aircraft's relationship to the original Bf 109G model.

Engineers then persuaded the authorities that a replacement engine would benefit the design, and the all-new "Bv 155C" brand was born.

For this reason, the Bv 155 was not produced as a specific fighter product for the Luftwaffe, as the Bv 155 was still under development at the end of the war in Europe (May 1945). From 1942 to 1945, only three prototypes were realized (V1, V2, and V3 (very limited)), and several jet/rocket programs achieved at least some results in an attempt to stem the tide of Allied air raids.

However, none of the projects proved to be a solution to the defeat of the Third Reich, and the Bv 155 joined the long list of German aircraft designs with no light in sight.

Proposed weapons for this product range from multiple 15mm to 30mm automatic cannons. Performance specs show a top speed of 430 mph and a range of up to 900 miles (highest estimate). His service ceiling may have peaked at 55,600 feet.

Blohm and Voss Bv 155 Specification

Basic

Year:
1944
Status:
Cancel
Staff:
1

Production

[3 units] :
Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany

Roles

- Fighter

- Intercept

- X-Plane / Development

Dimensions

Length:

39.37 ft (12 m)

Width:

20.5m

Height:

9. 84 feet (3 m)

Weight

Curb Weight:

10,737 lbs (4,870 kg)

MTOW:

6,000 kg

(difference: +2,491 pt)

Performance

1 x Daimler-Benz DB 603A inverted 12-cylinder liquid-cooled in-line piston engine, 1,600 hp.

Performance

Maximum Speed:

429 mph (690 km/h; 373 knots)

Service Ceiling:

55,774 feet (17,000 m; 10. 56 miles)

Maximum Range:

286 miles (460 km; 248 nm)

Rate-of-Climb:

2,260 ft/min (689 m/min)

ARMAMENT

VARIOUS (Proposed):

1 x 30mm Mk 108 cannon in propeller hub with 2 x 20mm MG 151/20 cannons.

1 x 30mm MK 103 cannon in propeller hub with 2 x 15mm MG 151 cannons.

3 x 30mm MK 108 cannons.

3 x 30mm MK 103 cannons.

VARIANTS

Bv 155 - Base Series Designation; three examples by the end of the war in Europe in May of 1945.

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