History of Blohm and Voss Bv p. 197

Mid-1944 proved to be a turning point for the Germans in World War II (1939-1945). The Allies made steady progress in the Italian campaign on the vast eastern front and now managed to gain a foothold in northern France on their way to Berlin via Paris.

Ultimately, it was decided to focus on controlling the effects of the Allied bombing campaign, which wreaked havoc day and night on every aspect of the German war machine and its people.

One of the main needs of the Luftwaffe was a high-speed, high-altitude interceptor capable of defending against the threat posed by Allied bombers. As the profitability of turbojet technology continues to increase, a new generation of Luftwaffe aircraft can demonstrate unprecedented performance, surpassing any aircraft available to the Allies.

In the summer of 1944, German authorities established requirements for such an aircraft, which included a single-pilot design, powered by twin-turbojet engines, and capable of flying at high altitudes against the bomber threat.

According to the draft, the aircraft has a barrel length of 29.5 feet and a wingspan of 36.4 feet. Estimated total weight is 12,855 pounds.

The end result was an elegant fighter jet design that represented one of the cleanest "paper planes" of the war, and due to its inherent performance and small size, would be one of the fastest aircraft in service in Germany. The draft was ready in August 1944.

Performance estimates include a top speed of 620 to 660 mph with a service cap of just over 40,000 feet (requires cockpit pressurization and ejection seat system). The rate of climb is optimistic at 5,000 feet per minute (at best, a classic Me262 can reach 3,900 feet per minute with two Jumo 004 engines).

The proposed weapon is an impressive 4 x 30mm MK-103 automatic cannon, all nose mounted to concentrate fire. This arrangement was enough to take down an Allied heavy bomber with a single fire. However, the size of the projectile will limit the ammunition depot on the ship.

Another weapon scheme consists of 2 x 30mm Mk 103 cannons and 2 x 20mm MG151/20 cannons in the nose.

Nonetheless, the P. 197 turned out to be nothing, as the German authorities showed little interest in this impressive Blohm & Voss design.

Specification of Blohm and Voss Bv p. 197

Basic

Year:
1944
Status:
Cancel
Staff:
1

Production

[0 units]:
Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany

Roles

- Fighter

- Intercept

- X-Plane / Development

Dimensions

Length:

29.53 ft (9 m)

Width:

36.42 ft (11.1 m)

Weight

Curb Weight:

10,692 lb (4,850 kg)

MTOW:

12,853 lbs (5,830 kg)

(difference: +2,161 pt)

Performance

2 x Junkers Jumo 004 turbojets, each between 1,800 lbs to 2,000 lbs of thrust.

Performance

Maximum Speed:

643 mph (1,035 km/h; 559 knots)

Service Limit:

41,010 ft (12,500 m; 7.77 mi)

Maximum range:

621 miles (1,000 km; 540 nautical miles)

Rate of climb:

5,000 ft/min (1,524 m/min)

Armor

Suggestions:

4 x 30mm MK 103 cannons located in the nose area.

Alternatives:

2 x 30mm MK 103 automatic cannons in the nose area.

2 x 20mm MG151/20 cannons located in the nose area.

Changes

p. 197 - Base item name.

Item 197 - Alternate item name in long form.

Related stuff

1400 1514 1587 1765 1774 1775 1776 1782 1785 1786 1791 1797 1811 1813 1819 1840 1841 1842 1852 1853 1855 1856 1857 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1873 1874 1875 1877 1878 1885 1886 1888 1889 1895 1896 1897 1898 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Contact  |  Privacy Policy