Aichi E16A Ruiyun (Paul) History

The E16A Zuiun (translated as "Auspicious Cloud", Allied codenamed "Paul") was a dedicated reconnaissance seaplane and part-time dive bomber of Imperial Japan during World War II. This system was an excellent type of seaplane by any means, but came at a time when Allied aircraft retained most of the Pacific skies, reducing the E16A to limited use and more limited production numbers.

The E16A is a typical family of seaplanes in the Japanese arsenal. The system was developed as a direct successor to the E13A "Jack" series of seaplanes, both of which are built by the Aichi Aircraft Company. The E16A has two crew compartments, a pilot and a gunner in the rear cockpit.

The pontoons are mounted on the bottom instead of the traditional landing gear. Standard armament consists of 2 x 20mm front guns on the wings and a 7.7mm machine gun for the rear gunner.

Although the aircraft's primary purpose is shipborne reconnaissance, the under-fuselage position is used for strike operations.

Powered by a single Mitsubishi three-blade MK8D Kinsei 54 14-cylinder radial piston engine, the Aichi E16A is capable of reaching a service ceiling of nearly 33,000 feet while reaching speeds in excess of 270 mph. Like its predecessor, the range reaches an impressive 1,491 miles - vital for use in the vast expanses of the Pacific Ocean.

A total of 256 E16As were produced, consisting of only the single model designation E16A-1.

Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul) Specification

Basic

Year:
1944
Status:
Retired, out of service
Staff:
2

Production

[256 units]:
Aichi Prefecture - Japan

Roles

- Ground Attack

- Naval/Navigation

- Reconnaissance (RECCE)

Dimensions

Length:

35.53 ft (10.83 m)

Width:

42.03 ft (12.81 m)

Height:

15.72 ft (4.79 m)

Weight

MTOW:

10,053 lbs (4,560 kg)

(difference: +10.053lb)

Performance

1 x Mitsubishi Kinsei 54 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,300 hp.

Performance

Maximum Speed:

273 mph (439 km/h; 237 knots)

Service Limit:

32,808 ft (10,000 m; 6.21 mi)

Maximum range:

1,491 miles (2,400 km; 1,296 nautical miles)

Armor

Default:

2 x 20mm cannons (forward-firing mounted on the wing)

1 x 7.7mm machine gun in the rear cockpit

Optional:

Lower hull provisions for outboard storage.

Changes

E16A - Base Series Name

E16A-1 - Production version only.

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