Baykar Bayraktar Kizilelma History

Kale-Baykar Makina is a leading Unmanned Air System (UAS) provider based in Turkey. Its Bayraktar TB2 (detailed elsewhere on this site) has been making recent headlines over Ukraine during the Russian invasion of its neighbor and in actions across the previous Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan - events having solidified this product (and its manufacturer) as a serious global player in the crowded UAV/UAS/UCAV market. Now the company has turned its attention to more advanced products including its "Fighter UAV" - the "Kizilelma".

This classification indicates an "all-in-one", radar-equipped system intended to cover many of the facets associated with modern warplanes including air-to-air combat, general reconnaissance, and ground attack - all through an unmanned arrangement (by default reducing pilot risk in active airspaces). The aircraft is being developed with maritime operations in mind and will therefore be "carrier friendly" from the outset - playing well into Turkey's desire (and its allies) to field helicopter carriers in its naval fleet.

A first-flight of the system is expected sometime in 2023 with series introduction following thereafter. The Turkish Armed Forces are perceived as the initial operating customer.

As drawn up, the Kizilelma certainly looks the part of advanced, modern fighter. It has a streamlined overall appearance with side-mounted intakes used to aspirate the single Ivchenko (Ukrainian) AI-25TLT turbofan engine. Canards are set forward of the mainplanes which are straight, tapering members positioned aft of midships. The vertical planes are a pair of outward-canted surfaces for agility and control. A wheeled, retractable tricycle landing gear will allow for ground- / deck-running or the air vehicle. For deck ops, a tail hook and folding wing mainplanes are assumed.

As it stands in March of 2022, the Kizilelma is planned with a combat radius of 575 miles operating at altitudes under 35,000 feet through a 5-hour endurance window while cruising near 460 miles-per-hour. The aircraft will be rated at 12,000lb for Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) giving it the flexibility to take on various war loads up to 1,500lb. This will be made up of in-service solutions such as Precision-Guided Munitions (PGMs), laser-guided bombs, air-to-surface missiles and the like.

Advanced, planned features include complete autonomy apart from ground operators in both take-off and landing actions, low observability to modern radar systems, and inherent agility common to modern fighter aircraft. The nose is set to house an all-modern Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA) radar.

The air vehicle will be able to operate through both Line-of-Sight (LoS) and Beyond-Line-of-Sight (BLoS) of the ground control station and have the ability to be launched and retrieved from the flight deck of aircraft / helicopter carriers.

With the success of other Baykar unmanned products, the Kizilelma stands as the next logical evolution of the Bayraktar series and there will be no shortage of global suitors awaiting the arrival of the air vehicle - should it come to fruition.

Baykar Bayraktar Kizilelma Specification

BASICS

Service Year

2025

Origin

Turkey

Status

IN-DEVELOPMENT

Program in Progress.

Crew

0

UNMANNED

Production

0

MANUFACTURER(S)

Kale-Baykar Makina - Turkey

OPERATORS

Turkey (planned)

ROLES

Ground Attack (Bombing, Strafing)

Ability to conduct aerial bombing of ground targets by way of (but not limited to) guns, bombs, missiles, rockets, and the like.

Close-Air Support (CAS)

Developed to operate in close proximity to active ground elements by way of a broad array of air-to-ground ordnance and munitions options.

Special-Mission: Anti-Ship

Equipped to search, track, and engage enemy surface elements through visual acquisition, radar support, and onboard weaponry.

Maritime / Navy

Land-based or shipborne capability for operating over-water in various maritime-related roles while supported by allied naval surface elements.

X-Plane (Developmental, Prototype, Technology Demonstrator)

Aircraft developed for the role of prototyping, technology demonstration, or research / data collection.

Unmanned Capability

Aircraft inherently designed (or later developed) with an unmanned capability to cover a variety of over-battlefield roles.

NOTABLE QUALITIES

RADAR-CAPABLE

Houses, or can house (through specialized variants), radar equipment for searching, tracking, and engagement of enemy elements.

COUNTERMEASURES

Survivability enhanced by way of onboard electronic or physical countermeasures enacted by the aircraft or pilot/crew.

CANARDS

Small foreplanes ahead of the mainplanes reduce wing-loading and / or enhance maneuverability during high angle-of-attack or stall actions.

HIGH-SPEED PERFORMANCE

Can accelerate to higher speeds than average aircraft of its time.

HIGH-ALTITUDE PERFORMANCE

Can reach and operate at higher altitudes than average aircraft of its time.

EXTENDED RANGE PERFORMANCE

Capability to travel considerable distances through onboard fuel stores.

SUPER PERFORMANCE

Design covers the three all-important performance categories of speed, altitude, and range.

MARITIME OPERATION

Ability to operate over ocean in addition to surviving the special rigors of the maritime environment.

RETRACTABLE UNDERCARRIAGE

Features retracting / retractable undercarriage to preserve aerodynamic efficiency.

UNMANNED OPERATION

Design features ability to fly sans pilot, actions controlled onboard through programming and / or ground-based operator.

AUTONOMOUS OPERATION

Design features autonomous flight operations made possible through onboard artificial intelligence or pre-programming.

CAMERA EQUIPMENT

Payload supports photographic equipment providing still and / or real-time image / video results.

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHTS

Empty Wgt

9,259 lb

(4,200 kg)

MTOW

13,228 lb

(6,000 kg)

Wgt Diff

+3,968 lb

(+1,800 kg)

MAINPLANE STRUCTURE

monoplane / mid-mounted / straight

Monoplane

Design utilizes a single primary wing mainplane; this represent the most popular mainplane arrangement.

Mid-Mounted

Mainplanes are mounted along the midway point of the sides of the fuselage.

Straight

The planform involves use of basic, straight mainplane members.

(Structural descriptors pertain to the base Baykar Bayraktar Kizilelma production variant)

POWER & PERFORMANCE

Installed:

1 x Ivchenko AI-25LTL non-afterburning turbofan engine developing 3,500lb of thrust.

Max Speed

559 mph

(900 kph | 486 kts)

Cruise Speed

466 mph

(750 kph | 405 kts)

Max. Speed Diff

+93 mph

(+150 kph | 81 kts)

Ceiling

35,007 ft

(10,670 m | 7 mi)

Range

590 mi

(950 km | 1,759 nm)

MACH Regime (Sonic)

Sub

Trans

Super

Hyper

HiHyper

ReEntry

RANGES (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hi-Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: >19030

ARMAMENT

Undisclosed at time of publication. Assumed Precision-Guided Munitions (PGMs) such as laser-guided bombs, smart bombs, and the like as well as air-to-surface missiles for defeating armor and structures.

Supported Types

(Not all ordnance types may be represented in the showcase above)

HARDPOINTS

Hardpoint Mountings:

Related stuff

1400 1514 1587 1765 1774 1775 1776 1782 1785 1786 1791 1797 1811 1813 1819 1840 1841 1842 1852 1853 1855 1856 1857 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1873 1874 1875 1877 1878 1885 1886 1888 1889 1895 1896 1897 1898 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Contact