The Su-57 (formerly "PAK FA" and "T-50") is currently being developed in conjunction with the renowned Russian aircraft company Sukhoi OKB in the second The dark days of World War II (1939-1945) and contributed to many designs for the Soviet Air Force and Army in the Cold War years that followed. The Su-57 is classified as a "fifth generation fighter" because it incorporates the latest in aviation technology, radar absorbing materials and weapons to ensure outstanding performance, agility and responsiveness to upcoming conflicts.
As a fifth-generation fighter, the Su-57 challenges an empire currently dominated by the US air superiority fighter Lockheed F-22 Raptor - the world's first fifth-generation fighter. The arrival of the T-50 introduces a second player to the exclusive "fifth-generation club" once wholly owned by the United States, while China continues to develop its own homegrown fifth-generation fighter across the Pacific.
In Russian, "PAK FA" means "Future Air Force Complex - Tactical Air Force". The Su-57 was developed in part through a partnership between Russia and India, to which India has contributed no less than 35 percent to date. India's intention is to take advantage of the program by procuring their own 5th generation PAK FA fighter jets over the next decade. Serial production of the T-50 is planned for 2015, and the prototype's first public appearance was shown during the MAKS 2011 air show outside Moscow in August 2011. Four prototypes have been completed to date (2013), the fifth of which includes construction.
A state trial is expected in 2014.
In Russia's inventory, the Su-57 will fill the role of the large Sukhoi Su-27/Su-37 "Flanker" series as well as the light Mikoyan MiG-29 "Fulcrum" (both 4th generation fighters). Both product lines are widely used in the world market, resulting in a wide variety of variants and configurations.
The Su-57 will also take part in the Russia-India joint FGFA (fifth generation fighter) program in the near future - an agreement between the two countries in 2001 - with results expected sometime in 2015. The aircraft will be largely based on developments from Russia's PAK FA/T-50/Su-57 program, and India intends to purchase around 250 FGFA fighters by the end of the program.
The PAK FA prototype was called "T-50". As a multi-role aircraft, the Su-57 undertakes both air superiority and ground attack missions, as well as aerial reconnaissance using specialized airborne equipment. Their design will provide excellent performance within their height constraints, allowing operation in day/night and severe weather conditions.
Sukhoi intends for her to be an equally deadly performer in all her defined roles. In size, the Su-57 will mirror that of another proven Sukhoi flagship, the Su-27 flanker.
At the end of the Cold War, the need to replace Russia's powerful "jack of all trades" fighter jets became increasingly apparent to the authorities. Several projects were undertaken to find solutions for the next generation of vehicles, two of which produced the Mikoyan MiG "1.44" and the Sukhoi Su-47 "Berkut" (the latter were called S-32 and S-37 respectively). ). The MiG 1.44 became a top-secret technology demonstrator and flew for the first time on February 29, 2000.
It is designed to compete head-to-head with the US Lockheed F-22 Raptor in air superiority. The front canards of the MiG 1.44 had a split air intake under the fuselage, similar to the Eurofighter 2000. The Sukhoi Su-47 Berkut is another technology demonstrator, although it is more likely to see full production. Most notable of this type is its forward-swept wing configuration (similar to the Grumman X-29 concept) and significantly larger Sukhoi brand size.
The Su-47 first flew on September 25, 1997, and was officially unveiled in January 2000. Only one known example of the Su-47 was built, while two examples of the MiG 1.44 (the other being a similar MiG 1.42/42) are known.
Both are powered by a twin-engine layout, and a wealth of information gleaned from ongoing flight tests has played a role in the development of the Su-57.
In early 2002, Sukhoi was selected to lead the design of Russia's new fifth-generation fighter jet. A small number of other contract winners were announced in early 2003 to design, develop and manufacture suitable components, such as avionics kits and powerplant engines, as well as substructures and final assembly systems. Production of the first aircraft began in August 2007, with the goal of delivering three such airworthiness systems by early 2009.
Some inevitable delays occurred throughout 2009, leading to the first flight date of January 29, 2010 - lasting approximately 47 minutes and reaching all requested destinations. The first flight itself was delayed on January 28 due to bad weather in the area.
A second flight followed, on February 6, and a third flight was recorded on February 12. These are used to indicate the relative maturity of the PAK FA project so far.
Years of Service
Program is running.
Sukhoi OKB / United Aircraft Corporation - Russia
air-to-air combat, fighter
The general ability to actively attack other aircraft of similar form and function, usually using guns, missiles and/or airborne missiles.
The ability to intercept incoming airborne threats with high performance, usually speed and rate of climb.
X-Plane (development, prototype, tech demo)
Aircraft designed for prototyping, technology demonstration, or research/data collection.
Houses may house (via specialized variants) radars for searching, tracking, and attacking enemy elements.
Onboard electronic or physical countermeasures taken by the aircraft or pilot/crew to enhance survivability.
Include two or more engines to improve survivability and/or performance.
Sustained supersonic flight without activation of afterburner/engine reheat.
The main plane or leading edge has retraction lines for improved high speed performance and handling.
Hull volume includes space for internal weapons or special mission equipment.
Can accelerate to higher speeds than the average aircraft at the time.
The ability to fly and operate at higher altitudes than the average aircraft of the day.
Pilot/crew ejection system
Auxiliary procedures to allow pilot and/or crew ejection in the event of an air emergency.
Depression in crew members
Support the pressurization required for crew survival at higher operating altitudes.
72. 2 feet
2 NPO Saturn / FNPTS MMPP Salyut AL-41F1 turbofan engines, 35,000 lb thrust each (T-50 prototype).
(2,600 km/h | 1,404 knots)
(20,000 m | 12 km)
(5,000 km | 9,260 nautical miles)
rate of climb
Range (MPH) Subsonic: <614mph | Transonic: 614-921 | Supersonic: 921-3836 | Hypersonic: 3836-7673 | Hypersonic: 7673-19180 | Reentry: > 19030
Default: 1 or 2 x 30mm GSh-30-1 internal guns. Optional: Air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles; guided bombs via internal (two or four internal bays) and up to six external hardpoints.