After its creation, the Israel Defense Forces quickly became specialists in urban warfare, modifying a range of armoured combat vehicles to better protect aircrews in confined combat spaces. When the Sho't series main battle tanks (MBTs) (based on the classic British Centurion MBTs) were officially retired, the service converted some of the outgoing inventory to "NagmaSho't" armored personnel carriers (APCs).
This series was in turn temporarily transformed into the heavier and better protected "Nagmachon" series, a tracked self-propelled Heavy Infantry Fighting Vehicle (HIFV) built around the primary roles of crew and system survival.
Heavy, bulky armoured vehicles are often at a significant disadvantage in tight urban battles, so special attention must be paid to overall survivability, as attacks can be made from any angle when faced with a determined, mobile enemy. Therefore, armor protection is the main quality of HIFV.
Nagmachon series was later used in various battlefield roles, including troop transport and engineering. While retaining most of the Centurion tank's form and function, including its powertrain with a diesel engine and track wheel arrangement, the Nagmachon finished with Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) panels on its sides (reinforced to protect chain runs). ), while retaining the solid armor protection inherent in the Centurion MBT - which provides multiple layers of defense against rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The more vulnerable underbody of the hull has also been improved to improve the vehicle's survivability to mines generated beneath the vehicle.
In addition, the front part of the fuselage was modified to accommodate various engineering components, including bulldozer blades and mine detonation equipment.
The main physical feature of the Nagmachon is the lack of movable turrets. As an infantry fighting vehicle, it does not require the firepower of a real main battle tank, but instead comes with a fixed three-person tank shelter.
The case is reinforced with thick vision blocks to limit situational awareness, and various protrusions have been added to prevent explosives from being thrown (and sticking) to the structure's board sides. The structure is further defended by 2 x FN MAG General Purpose Machine Guns (GPMG), giving the HIFV a reasonable defensive capability when entering contested areas.
Internally, the operations team is split into two, consisting of a driver and a vehicle commander. Holds up to 10 combat-ready passengers, some of whom operate machine guns when needed. Power comes from an ADVS-1790-2AC diesel engine producing 750 horsepower at 2,400 rpm.
The sprocket arrangement on each side of the fuselage sees six twin tire wheels, with the drive sprocket at the rear and the chain idler at the front.
The total weight reaches 52 tons, and the dimensions include a total length of 7.85 meters and a beam of 3.38 meters.
The Israeli Army currently (2020) deploys an unknown number of Nagmachon HIFVs, and several other HIFV forms have been added to the combat inventory, including the "Achzarit" (based on the captured T-54 MBT tank chassis) and the "Namer" "(based on the Merkava MBT tank chassis) - both entries are detailed elsewhere on this site.
- Infantry Support
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Troop Transport
15.09 ft (4.6 m)
57 tons (52,000 kg; 114,640 lb)
45 miles (72 km)
2 x 7.62mm FN MAG General Purpose Machine Guns (GPMG).
Nagmachon - The name of the base series; developed from NagmaSho't APC, which itself was derived from Sho't MBT - the Israeli development of Centurion MBT in the UK.