The close ties between Israel and the United States enable Israel to receive various military aids. After the state was formed in the late 1940s, the country received a stockpile of older U.S. Army tanks, including the M48 and M60 Patton series main battle tanks (MBTs) (both of which are detailed elsewhere on this site). These were eventually modified locally under the name "Magach" and produced several brands in the series, and from the "Magach 5" model, the Israeli army developed and procured the "Pereh" based on the M48A5 main battle tank. ", a special tracked tank.
Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) carriers were introduced sometime in the 1980s.
The overall concept of Pereh is the result of Israel's combat experience in the 1973 Yom Kippur War and the 1982 Lebanon War. The increasing number and capabilities of enemy tanks requires a high-performance non-projectile long-range weapon.
This has led to a modified battlefield doctrine that incorporates chain rocket carriers into the fold and uses "Spike" anti-tank missiles as the primary arms.
The development and operation of Pereh was very secretive and was not officially recognized until 2015 around the time the system ended its role as a front-line service.
Pereh used the original chassis and chassis/hull combination of the Magach 5. However, the turret has been completely redesigned to function both as a loading center for the Spike missile and as a launch component. The missile itself was developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems in the early 1980s using a non-line-of-sight (NLoS) concept. In infantry-level portable camouflage, it is usually fired from a fixed tripod.
And carry a tandem-loaded HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank) warhead to defeat modern armor. In addition, it is a "fire and forget" weapon, which means the operator does not have to guide the missile to the target while it is in flight.
The launcher has a range of 16 miles, and the weapon has proven itself in countless wars between Israel and its neighbors since 1982.
Pereh carried 12 of these missiles in an oversized turret structure that could swivel 360 degrees to attack targets from all directions. An interesting design element of the turret is the retention of a "virtual" main gun designed to disguise the vehicle's real role on the battlefield.
The missile launcher is raised before firing, and there is an access port at the rear of the gun for the reloading process of the gun. A pair of 7.62mm FN MAG machine guns (described in detail elsewhere on this site) were also carried, but for defensive use only.
Smoke grenade launchers are also planned for self-test capabilities.
The tank's undercarriage consists of six twin-tire wheels usually located on one side of the hull. The engine is fixed at the rear of the fuselage, and the drive sprocket is also located at the rear of the fuselage.
Therefore, the chain idler is located in the front part of the side of the fuselage. The upper areas of the wheels and track links were protected by side "skirt" armor plates, and additional armor was added to the front panels of the hull (the glacier plate section).
Pereh served 3 years without much fanfare before officially commissioning from the front line in 2017.
- Support/Special Purpose
22.80 ft (6.95 m)
13. 12 feet (4 m)
10.99 ft (3.35 m)
54 tons (49,000 kg; 108,027 lb)
280 miles (450 km)
12 x Spike Non-Line-of-Sight (NLoS) Anti-Tank Missiles (ATGM).
12 x missiles.
Pereh - Name of the basic series; based on the modified Magach 5 (M48A5) main battle tank.