ZiS-3 (Model 1942) History

One of the key pieces of field artillery available to the Soviet Army during World War 2 (1939-1945) was the "76mm (76. 2mm) Divisional Gun, M1942" - better known as the "ZiS-3". This caliber weapon would go on to become the standard Soviet anti-tank weapon of the war with production of the ZiS-3 gun series totaling over 100,000 units. Many soldiered on into the post-war years with adoption through Soviet allies and satellite states in time. Some remain in active service with armies today (2014) - though Soviet/Russian use was given up long ago. ZiS-3 guns fought in the Korean War (1950-1953) under the charge of North Korea, a long-time Soviet military customer.

The ZiS-3 was actually the culmination of work begun with the Model 1936 field gun which saw 2,844 units produced. Soviet authorities thought this weapon too heavy and too long for practical frontline service and revisions were undertaken in 1939 that naturally evolved the line. The modified design emerged with an overall lighter operating and travel weight as well as a shorter barrel assembly for more compactness. Production was reordered as "Model 1939".

ZiS-3 (Model 1942) Specification

BASICS

Service Year

1942

Origin

Soviet Union

Crew

7

Production

103,000

MANUFACTURER(S)

Artillery Factory No. 92 - Soviet Union

OPERATORS

Afghanistan; Albania; Angola; Belarus; Bulgaria; Cambodia; China; Czechoslovakia; East Germany; Egypt; Ethiopia; Hungary; Mongolia; North Korea; North Vietnam; Poland; Romania; Soviet Union; Syria; Ukraine; Vietnam; Yugoslavia

ROLES

Fire Support / Assault / Breaching

Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHTS

Length

13. 8 ft

4. 2 m

Weight

2,646 lb

1,200 kg

Tonnage

1. 3 tons

POWER & PERFORMANCE

Powerplant:

None. This is a towed artillery piece.

Range

8. 3 mi

(13. 3 km)

ARMAMENT

1 x 76. 2mm gun barrel.

AMMUNITION

Dependent on ammunition carrier.

VARIANTS

ZiS-3 - Base Production Series DesignationModel 1942 - Alternative DesignationModel 1936 - Early form; 2,844 examples produced. Model 1939 - Lighter weight, shortened barrel

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