The Chinese Navy's growing confidence, self-sufficiency and expanded tactical and strategic capabilities have once again sighed as the People's Liberation Army (PLAN) Navy unveiled its new warship, the Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD). The ships - as many as three - represent state-of-the-art products of indigenous origin and will be newly built by China's Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Company. Her size and mission range are comparable to those of the U.S. Navy's Wasp-class warships.
In addition to the first Type 075, which debuted on September 25, 2019, the remaining two will arrive in 2020 and 2021 and will all be assigned to the Eastern Fleet.
The addition of helicopter carriers greatly expands Chinas tactical range in amphibious operations, as these ships provide a multi-pronged support approach that allows disembarkation of troops, vehicles (including water fast attack craft), and rotorcraft air power And take the fight to shore and beyond. This is especially important given rising tensions with neighboring countries in the South China Sea, where the Chinese military has gained a foothold through artificial islands and sustained power projection.
When completed, the Type 075 will have a length of 250 meters, a beam of 30 meters and a draft of up to 8.5 meters. The latter feature is notable because it allows the ship to operate close to shore in support of amphibious assault operations. The full-load displacement reaches 40,000 tons. The island superstructure is offset to starboard, leaving center and port unobstructed for rotorcraft operation.
The powered hangar deck allows the aircraft to be raised or lowered as needed. The cargo area is located aft of the hull and provides free access to the sea for amphibious ships ready to bring personnel and machinery ashore.
The ship can carry up to 30 attack or support helicopters that can be launched and recovered from up to six positions on its flight deck. These can be of various types in the PLAN service, including transports (for troop transport and resupply) and gunships.
The ship's armament is fully self-defense consisting of only 2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 digitally guided close-in weapons systems (CIWS) and 2 x HHQ-10 surface-to-air missile (SAM) launchers. It receives primary defenses from the accompanying fleet, allowing the Type 075 to focus on its given role on the battlefield.
The installed power allows the ship to advance at speeds of up to 23 knots, giving the ship a good range to keep up with the Chinese Navy's surface fleet. The unit drives two propeller shafts under the stern and is controlled via rudder fins located aft of each propeller unit. A sonar unit is installed in the bow, while the island's superstructure houses the usual sensors, processing systems and communications, as well as a bridge. There is also a low profile closed pipe. The flight command post is located aft of the bridge superstructure, overlooking the flight deck and the rear of the ship.
There are areas to store further combat helicopters at the front and rear of the island structure.
As a helicopter carrier, the Type 075 has no fixed-wing aircraft, but can support carrier-based drones.
- Support for amphibious operations
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
- direct attack
820.2 ft (250.00 m)
27.1 ft (8.26 m)
23 kn (26 mph)
2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).
2 x HHQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Launchers.
Up to 30 helicopters are supported by six landing pads along the port side.