Currently (2017) three Saar 5-class stealth warships make up the guided missile frigate detachment of the modern Israeli Navy. The course is led by INS Eilat (501) and includes INS Lahav (502) and INS Hanit (503). The group was built by Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation of the United States (Northrop Grumman Marine Systems) for the Israeli Navy Service with Lahav on August 20, 1993, and officially commissioned on September 23, 1994.
She remains active in the Israeli Navy and operates out of Haifa, Israel.
INS Lahaw (meaning "blade") has the same form and function as destroyers and frigates designed and built by the United States. This warship features a board-side superstructure that blends perfectly with the hull lines. The bridge is fully integrated into the forward superstructure, and the helipad is located above the stern. Midships are a shallow smoke funnel that reduces the characteristics of warships.
The main mast is placed above the front superstructure in the usual way, while the auxiliary mast is placed above the rear superstructure. There are approximately 64 operators (officers and sailors) on board, plus another 10 as part of the subsidiary aviation sector.
frigates are known as the smallest warships available in the modern navy, which generally gives the type a compact size, shallow draft, and good maneuverability - ideal qualities for coastal combat, which is of primary concern to the Israeli Navy question. These ships are capable of operating independently or as part of the main fleet, and are equipped with a variety of weapon types to meet mission requirements.
The vessel's compact size and focus on automation where possible allows for relatively small crew deployments.
The INS Lahav displaces 1,075 tonnes under standard load, increasing to 1,230 tonnes under full load. The vessel has an overall length of 281 feet, a beam of 39 feet and a draft of just 10.4 feet.
Propulsion is provided by 2x MTU V12 1163TB82 marine diesel engines and 2x General Electric LM2500 gas turbines arranged in CODOG (combined diesel or gas) allowing warships to use two sets of engines for a given maneuver (fast diving or full drive) use ). The maximum speed attainable under ideal conditions is 33 knots and the range is up to 3,500 nautical miles.
Lahav's armament consists of 64 Barak 8-series surface-to-air missiles (SAM), designed to repel incoming air threats from a distance. Surface threats are handled by 8 x RGM-85 Harpoon anti-ship missiles (ASM) housed in two quad launchers (one on port and one on starboard) close to the midship.
2 x Mark 32 torpedo 6-tube launchers are also used in anti-submarine/anti-ship operations. A 20mm Phalanx Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) mounted above the forecastle provides localized air defense.
In addition to the typical missile and projectile weapons, there are various combinations of radar, sonar and digital processing systems. The Elta-made EL/M-2218S radar covers the air search function, while the EL/M-2221 radar is responsible for fire control.
The EDO Type 796 is a vehicle-mounted sonar system, and Raphael built the towed sonar array used by the ship. Elbit has also developed the chaff missile launcher and the Elisra NS-9003A/9005 series of radar warning receivers (RWR). The bait is handled by an Argon ST AN/SLQ-25 "Nixie" kit.
In September 2014, the class was upgraded to the EL/M-2248 MF-STAR multifunction AESA radar system - Lahav is the first of three ships in the class to feature this technology.
Above the stern is the helipad for a medium lift helicopter - usually a Eurocopter Panther. Helicopters can assist in resupplying warships, participating in search and rescue (SAR) operations, or providing critical vantage points on the horizon.
INS Lahav participated in the 2006 Lebanon War, where she was sent to blockade key ports in Lebanon, and has since been involved in other Israeli-related naval operations in the Mediterranean. The ship also participated in joint NATO-US-sponsored naval exercises in the region.
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
- direct attack
280.9 ft (85.62 m)
10.4 ft (3.17 m)
33 kn (38 mph)
3,511 nautical miles (4,040 miles; 6,502 km)
64 x Barak 1 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM)
8 x RGM-84 Harpoon Anti-Ship Missile (ASM)
2 x 6 Mark 32 Surface Ship Torpedo Launchers (SVTT).
1 x 20mm Phalanx Close-In Weapon System (CIWS)
1 x Eurocopter Panther medium helicopter or similar.