Although it was introduced during the First World War (1914-1918), it was not until the many naval battles of World War II (1939-1945) that the aircraft carrier achieved a significant advantage in naval warfare. On December 7, 1941, the U.S. aircraft carrier fleet became the main target of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) when it attacked Pearl Harbor, which is how important the aircraft carrier was in the conflict.
Aircraft carriers will prove to be the primary tools of many navies, thanks to the strength these ships - especially those operating under the American and British flags - have shown in years of conflict. The carrier eventually took the title of King of the Seas from the all-powerful battleship.
When the war broke out, the United States Navy (USN) service clamored for all warship types, and aircraft carriers were the industry's primary focus. Given the early Allied focus on Germany and Italy in North Africa and Europe, vital Atlantic shipping lanes needed to be protected day and night from dangerous enemy attacks from U-boats and warships at sea. This has prompted the US Navy to select certain merchant-focused ships to convert into so-called "escort carriers."
The ship's armament plan is purely defensive in nature, focusing on airspace/air defense. She carries 2 x 5" (127mm) Anti-Aircraft Guns (AA) as well as 8 x 40mm Bofors AA and 12 x 20mm Oerlikon AA.
The aircraft carrier USS Berg was ordered to the Atlantic in February 1943, and her crew successfully sank a German U-boat on her fourth sortie. Her onboard storage allows her to take on a wider range of ASW missions than typical frigates and destroyers equipped for this type of work.
On her fifth sortie, she captured two more submarines, and on her seventh sortie, in July 1943, the USS Borg captured another enemy submarine.
In early 1944, she was used to transport fighter jets to British shores in support of European war efforts. She then resumed her anti-submarine warfare operations in March, which led her to claim U-575 and three other enemy submarines by the end of September. In total, the USS Borg is thought to have sunk 13 enemy U-boats (11 German and 2 Japanese), the last of which was claimed in April 1945 - a month that also marked the last of the European theater of operations.
A full month of fighting (the German military broke up soon after). Hitler committed suicide).
With her European deployment completed, the USS Borg was relocated to the Pacific Rim, where her expertise in transporting aircraft, cargo and supplies across the vast Pacific was tested. Once in theater, she was used to deliver these valuable cargoes to forward combat areas to strengthen defenses against Japanese counterattacks.
When Imperial Japan surrendered in August 1945, the USS Borg completed her final war-related gesture, transporting veterans and prisoners of war from the Far East to the United States.
On November 30, 1946, she was placed in the reserve and moored at Tacoma, Washington, before being decommissioned and eventually scrapped. The ship was awarded the Presidential Unit Medal and three Battle Stars for her service in World War II.
With a total of 13 enemy sinkings during the conflict, the USS Borg is fondly remembered as the most successful escort carrier in the anti-submarine missiona dangerous but highly rewarding mission.
- Aircraft/Sea Support
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
- direct attack
495.6 ft (151.06 m)
111.5 ft (33.99 m)
26 feet (7.92 m)
18 kts (21 mph)
2 x 5" (127mm) Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns.
8 x 40mm Bofors AA guns in four twin-gunned emplacements.
12 x 20mm Oerlikon AA guns in single-gunned mountings.
Air arm consisting of 24 total aircraft typically comprised of 12 x Grumman F4F Wildcat / F6F Hellcat navy fighters and 12 x Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers.