The Sa'ar 6 class frigates are the most advanced surface combat aircraft of the Israeli Navy. All four planned ships in the series have been completed, and two of them are in service with active service (2022).
The model jointly developed with Germany (built in German waters by German Naval Yards Holdings and ThyssenKrupp) is a relatively compact design intended for near-shore (CtS) operations, especially along the Israeli coast, and intended as a true successor to the design The first were aging Sa'ar class 5 ships (three of which are still in use today).
The four classes are INS Magen ("Shield/Defender"), INS Oz (Courage), INS Atzmaut ("Independence") and INS Nitzachon ("Victory"). Magen was launched on May 23, 2019 and delivered to the Israeli Navy in 2020. Oz followed, with delivery on August 24, 2019, and delivery in 2021.
Both Atzamut and Nitzachon were launched in 2019 and delivered in 2021. All are German-influenced Braunschweig-class frigate designs, modified for Israeli needs.
The Sa'ar Class 6 vessel has a full-load displacement of 1,900 tons, a length of 295.2 feet, a beam of 32.6 feet, and a draft of up to 11.1 feet. The range is up to 4000 nautical miles.
Shallow draughts allow ships to operate close to shore and deploy weapons and other solutions to support land and land forces.
On board is the EL/M-2248 MF-STAR Series Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) system, a solid-state multi-function naval radar operating at S-band frequencies designed for altitude gliding at sea Aircraft and incoming missiles. The Electronic Warfare (EW) kit is a local design of the Israeli defense company Elbit Systems.
Based on the original German design, the Israeli vessel had an operational crew of about 65. Installed power is 2 x MTU 20V 1163 TB93 marine diesel engines, driving 2 x axles.
This enables the warship to achieve a straight-line sea speed of 26 knots and a range of up to 4,000 nautical miles under ideal conditions. The ship shop allows the ship to stay at the station for seven to twenty-one days.
Mounted weapons include 1 x 76mm OTO-Melara deck gun and turret, 2 x Rafael "Typhoon" Remote Weapon Station (RWS), 1 x 40-cell rocket launcher ("C-Dome" point defense system) vertical launch Assembly (VLS), 1 32-cell Barak-8 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) VLS, 16 Gabriel V-series anti-ship missiles, and 2 324 mm (13 in) torpedo tubes. The combination of ballistic and missile weapons provides warships with a wide range of solutions to address an equally wide range of threats on the battlefield - from aircraft and drones to suicide craft and enemy submersibles.
Above the stern is a helipad capable of servicing a Sikorsky MH-60 Seahawk Navy helicopter. These can be equipped for a variety of water/sea missions, including anti-submarine warfare (ASW), search and rescue (SAR), work on the horizon (OtH) and resupply at sea.
The German form of the ship can support a pair of rotary-wing unmanned aerial systems (UAS), which means the Israeli model can do just that.
Externally, the ships display ultra-modern lines and a traditional layout: the fore bow is largely unobstructed, leading to a stepped bridge overlooking the bow. The main mast and its numerous sensors and processing systems are integrated in the bridge section. The hull is uninterrupted from bow to stern, with a gap in the middle of the boat.
Aft is a support facility for the helicopter hangar and helipad. Auxiliary masts are mounted on this section.
Stomach and Oz are active as of January 2022. Atzmaut and Mitzachon are currently being tested at sea and equipped with suitable hardware and systems. Both the radar and weapons systems were used by Israeli industry after delivery from Germany.
Year of Service
German Naval Shipyard Holding AG / ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems - Germany
Sa-ar Level 6
Gastrointestinal; INS Ounce; INS Atzmaut; INS Nitzachon
Nearshore activities in support of Allied activities.
The hull of the vessel is designed to operate in coastal/shallow water environments.
The main armament is mounted in the main turret arrangement providing enhanced protection.
Airborne systems warn and protect ships from airborne and low-altitude ballistic and/or missile threats.
On the horizon
The ship is granted over-the-horizon combat capability, usually provided by a launched fixed-wing/rotary-wing aircraft.
Ship to shore
Airborne facilities allow the launch of air and/or land elements for land attack and penetration.
The ship supports long-range missile launches to air, sea or land-based targets; typical of modern design.
Able to launch torpedoes at distant targets.
13. 3 feet
2 x MTU 20V1163TB93 marine diesel engines driving 2 x axles at the stern.
26. 0 nodes
(4605 miles | 7411 kilometers)
kts = nodes | mph = miles per hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = miles 1 kts = 1.15mph | 1 nautical mile = 1.15 kilometers | 1 nautical mile = 1.85 kilometers
1 x 76mm OTO Melara deck gun with turret. 2 x Raphael Typhoon Long Range Weapon System (RWS). 1 x 40-cell "C-Dome" Point Defense Vertical Launch System (VLS). 1 x 32-cell "Barak-8" Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) VLS. 16 x Gabriel V anti-ship missiles. 2 x 324 mm (13") torpedo launchers.
1 x Sikorsky MH-60 Seahawk naval helicopter.