Zbrojovka ZB vz. 59 / Uk vz. 59 History

The Uk vz. 59 was a derivative of the vz. 52/57 machine gun (detailed elsewhere on this site). A Czech design through and through, the vz. 59 was fitted with different iron sights throughout its early production run. The vz. 59 system can be fed from 7. 62x54 rimmed cartridge 50-round detachable box magazine containing belts that can be joined to form a full 250-round ammunition belt. The ammunition box clips along the right side of the weapon and is ejected from the left. Furthermore, the vz. 59 system can be fitted to a tripod for the sustained fire role in addition to its standard bipod mounting. The tripod mounting is useful in the anti-aircraft air defense role, though some modification by the operator is necessary to fulfill this duty. A positional carrying handle is fitted to the forward part of the weapon, along the rear portion of the barrel. The bipod is positioned at the extreme barrel end. The fixed buttstock and pistol grip are of wood finish. The cocking handle is positioned along the top rear of the weapon body.

The firing action is accomplished through gas-operation with a tilting breechlock. a rate-of-fire of 700 to 800 rounds-per-minute is reported. The vz. 59 weighs in at 9. 28 kilograms and an overall length of 1,215 millimeters. The barrel makes up 650 millimeters of this although the vz. 59 L fits a barrel length of 550 millimeters. The effective range is reported between 100 and 2,000 meters utilizing the folding rear leaf sight and hooded front post.

Zbrojovka ZB vz. 59 / Uk vz. 59 Specification

BASICS

Service Year

1959

Origin

Czechoslovakia

Classification

General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG)

MANUFACTURER(S)

Zbrojovka Vsetin - Czechoslovakia

OPERATORS

Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic; India; Slovakia

ROLES

Fire Support

Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT

Overall Length

1,215 mm

47. 83 in

Barrel Length

650 mm

25. 59 in

Empty Wgt

20. 46 lb

9. 28 kg

Sights

Folding Rear Leaf; Hooder Front Post

ACTION

Gas Operated; Tilting Breechlock

Gas-Operated

Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)

CARTRIDGE & FEED

Caliber(s)*

7. 62x54mmR

Rounds / Feed

50-Round Detachable Box Magazine or 250-round Metal-Link Belt Feed

*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources. **Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.

PERFORMANCE

Max Eff. Range

6,561 ft

(2,000 m | 2,187 yd)

Rate-of-Fire

700

rds/min

Muzzle Velocity

2,723 ft/sec

(830 m/sec)

VARIANTS

Vz. 59L - Standard light support version of base gun; mounted on bipod assembly and fitted with a "light" barrel. Vz. 59N - Base design modified to fire the 7. 62x51mm NATO standard cartridge; fitted with specialized gas regulator control for four position selection. Vz. 59T - Tank and armored vehicle mount for coaxial placement; firing achieved through solenoid arrangement.

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