Flakpanzer IV Ostwind History

The limitations of the earlier "Wirbelwind" self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG) based on the 20mm four-arm Panzer IV Panzer led to the development of another Panzer IV based Flakpanzer IV "Ostwind" ("East Wind"). This version reverts to a 37mm automatic cannon (similar to the earlier "Mobelwagen"), but with a new six-sided open-air turret.

The crew remains five (driver, commander/gunner, radio operator, and two loaders), while all other auto parts of the Panzer IV tank have been retained, including its 296 hp Maybach gasoline engine.

Development of the Ostwind began in 1944 as a direct replacement for the limited Cyclone series. The Dongfeng brings improved capabilities, mainly due to its more powerful gun, which has a longer range and better penetration than the previous 20mm Cyclone type.

The turret design was simpler, which aided in construction and provided better protection for partially exposed riflemen. The 12-cylinder engine combined with a leaf spring suspension system enables viable off-road cruising, with road speeds of up to 24 mph and a working range of up to 120 miles.

The 3.7 cm FlaK 43 L/89 automatic cannon is mounted in the center of the movable turret, and its gunner is responsible for specific aspects of orientation, weapon placement and ammunition loading. The 1,000 x 37mm shells are brought onto the plane by specialist ammunition dealers and loaded in cartridges. A 7.92mm MG34 machine gun was retained for on-site self-defense of the vehicle, primarily to protect it from oncoming enemy infantry.

When not dealing with low-flying targets, the 37mm gun can be used when needed, and has been surprisingly successful against light armoured vehicles and infantry making Dongfeng a dual role on the battlefield.

In August 1944, in increasingly desperate conditions, the German army ordered 100 Ostwinds. Like the cyclone, the Ostbauwerke Group was commissioned to manufacture SPAAG from December 1944 to March of the following year.

However, only about 37 of the Panzer IVs appeared in the existing inventory, with an additional 7 "new build" vehicles added - a deal of 100 could never be reached with the collapse of the German war industry.

For this, the war in Europe ended in May 1945, and the Dongfeng people did what they could until the conflict was over.

Flakpanzer IV Ostwind Specification

Basic

Year:
1944
Staff:
5
Manufacturing:
Nazi Germany
Production:
44 units

Roles

- Air Defense/Airspace Denial

Dimensions

Length:

19.42 ft (5.92 m)

Width:

2.95m

Height:

9. 84 feet (3 m)

Weight:

28 tons (25,000 kg; 55,116 lb)

Performance

1 x Maybach HL 120 TRM 12 cylinder petrol engine, 296 hp.

Performance

Maximum Speed:

38 km/h

Maximum range:

124 miles (200 km)

Compare this entry

for everyone else in our database)

Armor

1 x 37mm FlaK 43 L/89 automatic cannon.

1 x 7.92mm MG34 machine gun.

Ammo:

1,000 x 37mm projectile.

1,350x7.92mm ammo.

Changes

Flakpanzer IV ("Ostwind") - Base series name

Related stuff

1400 1514 1587 1765 1774 1775 1776 1782 1785 1786 1791 1797 1811 1813 1819 1840 1841 1842 1852 1853 1855 1856 1857 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1873 1874 1875 1877 1878 1885 1886 1888 1889 1895 1896 1897 1898 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Contact  |  Privacy Policy