In terms of numbers, the Chinese navy or the Peoples Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) is the worlds second largest maritime power after North Korea and ahead of Russia and the United States. As you might expect, the service more closely follows the latter two, deploying a wide range of surface and underwater combatants to counter or neutralize any threat to Chinese interests, particularly in the South China Sea region of the world.
Every decade, the branch expands its capabilities by bringing in homegrown aircraft carriers and nuclear-powered attack submarines that, to the surprise of observers, threaten stability in the East China Sea and beyond in the West.
The Type 052D destroyer, known to NATO as the Luyang-III class, succeeds on paper the Type 052C (Luyang-II) family of ships, currently (2020) 13 active warships, yet another ship is required to commit to At the time of writing, sea trials and six other outfits were conducted. The class has been in service since 2014, starting with CNS Kunming (172) and operating with the North Sea Fleet, South Sea Fleet and Baltic Fleet.
In the finished state, depending on the production batch, ships of this class have a barrel length of 515 to 528 feet, a beam of 56 feet, and a draft of up to 20 feet. The propulsion option is a combined diesel or gas unit (CODOG) as a fuel saving measure (one set of turbines is used for fast action, while the other is reserved for general cruising service).
External structure with typical stealth measures, including hybrid torso approach, minimization of protrusions, etc. The main battery is located above the forecastle, unobstructed, providing excellent forward and side firing angles.
The hull structure was then graded into a bridge structure, which itself was integrated into the enclosed main mast. The bridge superstructure has a truncated stern with a flat, fully enclosed funnel located near the midship.
The mizzen mast follows and the helicopter hangar/deck is at the very end of the boat.
All ships are built to a 7,500-ton standard and are designed to (at least locally) rival AEGIS-equipped United States Navy (USN) warships (in capabilities, roles and armament). Sensors and systems include the Type 346A Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) and Type 518 L-band radar, as well as variable depth sonar and towed sonar arrays.
Armament includes a 130mm turret deck gun mounted above the forecastle, but the ship's livelihood is its 32/32 cell (64 in total) Vertical Launch System (VLS), surface-to-air on HHQ-9 or CY-5 Missile (SAM) or YJ-18 Surface-to-Surface Missile (SSM). State-of-the-art digital systems make close-in weapons systems (CIWS) suitable.
All of these provide warships with solutions against incoming air targets, inland land targets, water targets and underwater threats.
In addition to the mounted weapons, the vessel has a combined hangar-helipad arrangement at the stern to service/operate anti-submarine/anti-ship helicopters or VTOL support aircraft. Up to two helicopters can be supported, one of which is stored in the hangar.
CNS Yinchuan (175) currently maintains active duty in the South China Sea Fleet and actively participates in Chinese naval exercises and exercises with regional fleets.
- Blue Water Operations
- Fleet Support
- direct attack
515 feet (156.97 m)
56 feet (17.07 m)
20 feet (6.10 m)
31 kn (36 mph)
1 x 130 mm H/PJ-45A Dual Purpose (DP) Deck Gun with Turret.
1 x 64-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) supporting CY-5, CJ-10, YJ-18, YJ-83 and HHQ-9 missiles (land attack or surface-to-air type).
1 x 24-cell HHQ-10 Short-Range Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Launcher.
2 x 30mm Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).
2 x 533 mm triple torpedo tubes.
4 x 18 Tube Decoy Rocket Launchers.
1 medium Navy helicopter supported by a combined helipad/hangar facility.