China's growing global interests have resulted in an ever-increasing naval capability, with substantial investments in aircraft carrier fleets, advanced nuclear-powered ballistic missile attack submarines, and fully modernized destroyers . guided missiles. In 2020, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) commissioned the first of eight planned Renhai-class (aka "Type 055") guided missile destroyers, with the capital ship CNS Nanchang (101).
Three more units are expected to be added in 2020, with the remaining units coming online in 2021 and 2022 to complete the course.
CNS Nanchang (101) adds fully modern blue water capabilities to the Chinese Navy, demonstrating a suite of weapons equipped with advanced sensors and processing systems. Like other warships of this type, Nanchang can operate both independently and as a support ship for the fleet, giving it inherent tactical and strategic flexibility.
By design, this warship is in line with Western destroyer offerings: stealth is at the heart of the look, and board cladding is used throughout with minimal protrusions. The forecastle houses a single turret deck gun supported by a Vertical Launch System (VLS) with missiles.
The bridge rests on top of a raised stepped section of the hull, which also includes the most important masts included. The midship is a one-piece flat structure of the smoke funnel. The stern includes a fully serviced enclosed hangar space, an attached helipad, and additional weapons and sensors.
The sides of the hull are kinked from bow to stern, creating an uninterrupted hull line.
Nanchang displaces 13,000 tons and carries about 300 crew members. The primary radar is the Type 346B radar system (C/S band). A complete electronic warfare (EW) system provides close range protection against a wide range of conventional and unconventional threats to ships.
In addition, two helicopters (medium utility/medium lift) can be carried for search and rescue (SAR), anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare (ASW). Typical rotor types supported include the Harbin Z-9 and Changhe Z-18 models (both of which are described elsewhere on this site).
The propulsion scheme uses a COGAG (Gas-to-Gas) unit with 4 QC-280 gas turbines, each producing 38,000 hp, driving a pair of propeller shafts and propelling the vessel to a speed of 30 knots. Range is a useful 5,000 nautical miles, as the vessel can cruise or sprint at high speed as needed - while saving valuable fuel through an efficient layout.
In terms of armament, Nanchang does not disappoint: the kit includes 1 x 130mm H/PJ-38 deck gun with turret above the front building, the aforementioned 112-cell VLS for HHQ-9 surface-to-air missiles ( SAM), YJ-18 cruise missiles and/or CJ-10 cruise missiles, 1 x HQ-10 short-range 24-cell SAM system (on rear fuselage structure), 2 x 324mm twin torpedo tubes and 1 x H/PJ -11 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS). This gives warships the inherent ability to engage long-range and close-range air targets, naval threats and underwater attackers.
Structurally, the CNS Nanchang (101) has a barrel length of 590.6 feet, a beam of 65.6 feet, and a draft of 21.7 feet. The displacement when fully loaded is about 13,000 tons. Due to her armament scheme, displacement and size, Nanchang is likened to a cruiser in some sources despite the destroyer classification.
Regardless, it is a multi-mission ship that will strengthen the Chinese navy for decades.
Type 055 (Renhai class)
CNS Nanchang (101); Unnamed Ship #2; Unnamed Ship #3; Unnamed Ship #4; Unnamed Ship #5; Unnamed Ship #6; Unnamed Ship #7; Unnamed Ship #8
Maritime bombardment/attack of surface targets/areas primarily through ship-based ballistic weapons.
Littoral attacks against surface targets primarily through ship-based missiles/missile weapons.
Active patrolling of critical waterways and sea areas; also serves as a local deterrent against air and maritime threats.
Neutralization or deterrence of flying elements by airborne missile weapon ballistics.
Provide support (fire or materiel) to major surface fleets in blue water environments.
590. 0 feet
22. 0 feet
4 QC-280 gas turbines, 38,000 hp each, driving 2 rear axles in a COGAG (combined gas and gas) arrangement.
(5,800 miles | 9,334 kilometers)
kts = nodes | mph = miles per hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = miles 1 kts = 1.15mph | 1 nautical mile = 1.15 kilometers | 1 nautical mile = 1.85 kilometers
1 x 130 mm H/PJ-38 Dual Purpose (DP) deck gun with turret. 1 x 112-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) to support cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles and anti-submarine missiles (before deployment). 1 x 24-cell HQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system (rear-mounted).
1 x H/PJ-14 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).
2 x Harbin Z-9C or Changhe Z-18F naval helicopters launched from the rear flight deck and recovered. These gear are used in anti-submarine warfare (ASW) roles.