The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLAN) Navy has demonstrated its growing confidence and self-sufficiency with the introduction of the Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) warships. These state-of-the-art vessels, built by China's Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Company, closely resemble the U.S. Navy's Wasp-class ships and have been assigned to the Eastern Fleet. The Type 075 enhances China's amphibious capabilities, facilitating the deployment of troops, vehicles, and air support in the South China Sea, where regional tensions persist.
This impressive warship measures 250 meters in length, with a 30-meter beam and a draft of up to 8.5 meters, boasting a full-load displacement of 40,000 tons. Notably, it can operate close to shore to support amphibious assault operations. The Type 075 can carry up to 30 helicopters and is equipped with self-defense systems, including close-in weapons and surface-to-air missiles, while reaching speeds of up to 23 knots.
The vessel is well-equipped with advanced navigation and communication systems, including a flight command post and areas for combat helicopters. While it lacks fixed-wing aircraft, it can support carrier-based drones, further demonstrating China's expanding naval capabilities in the region.
Years of Service: 2020
Status: In service
Class: Type 075
Amphibious Assault: Shallow draft and other characteristics enable the ship to support nearshore amphibious assault operations.
Airborne systems warn and protect ships from airborne and low-altitude ballistic and/or missile threats.
On the horizon
The ship is granted over-the-horizon combat capability, usually provided by a launched fixed-wing/rotary-wing aircraft.
Ship to shore
Airborne facilities allow the launch of air and/or land elements for land attack and penetration.
Length: 820.2 feet (250.00m)
Ray: 98.4 feet (29.99m)
Draft: 27.1 ft (8.26m)
Shift: 40,000 t
Installed Power: 2 x marine diesel engines of unknown make, model and power output, driving 2 x axles under the stern.
Surface Velocity: 23. 0 nodes (26.5 km/h)
2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).
2 x HHQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers.
Six landing platforms along the port side will support up to 30 helicopters.