NORINCO Type 85 (YW323) History

The NORINCO (China North Industries Corporation) YW 531 H armoured personnel carrier was developed at the same time as the Type YW 534 APC and is believed to be the successor to the older Type 531 which has been in service with the People's Liberation Army (PLA) for many years. The Type YW 531 H is almost identical to the YW 534 but is slightly lighter, shorter and narrower and does not have the four electrically operated smoke grenade dischargers either side of the forward part of the hull.

Although referred to as the Type YW 531 H, this vehicle is now normally referred to as the Type 85. Some sources have indicated that the Type 85 may well not be in service with the PLA.

It is understood that total production of the Type 85 APC for the home and export markets amounted to about 2,000 vehicles. The vehicle is no longer being marketed by NORINCO, with emphasis now on the Type 90. The latter is very similar in appearance to the Type 85 but is slightly longer and wider and is powered by a locally produced Deutz 320 hp air-cooled diesel engine coupled to an improved transmission.

According to UN sources there were no exports of armoured personnel carriers by China from 1992 through to 2005.

NORINCO Type 85 (YW323) Specification

BASICS

Service Year

1985

Origin

China

Crew

6

Production

100

MANUFACTURER(S)

China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China

OPERATORS

China

ROLES

Fire Support / Assault / Breaching

Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.

DIMENSIONS & WEIGHTS

Length

21. 9 ft

6. 66 m

Width

9. 8 ft

3 m

Height

9. 4 ft

2. 85 m

Weight

36,376 lb

16,500 kg

Tonnage

18. 2 tons

POWER & PERFORMANCE

Powerplant:

1 x Deutz Type BF8L413F air-cooled diesel engine developing 320 horsepower.

Speed

37. 3 mph

(60. 0 kph)

Range

310. 7 mi

(500. 0 km)

ARMAMENT

1 x 122mm howitzer1 x 12. 7mm Anti-Aircraft heavy machine gun

AMMUNITION

40 x 122mm projectiles650 x 12. 7mm ammunition

VARIANTS

Type 85 SPH - Base Series DesignationYW323 - Alternative Designation

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