NORINCO Type 85 History

The Chinese Type 85 submachine gun appeared in two forms in the 1980s as a budget-conscious replacement for the Type 79 submachine gun and the Type 64 silenced submachine gun. The base submachine gun featured a blowback mechanism firing from an open bolt arrangement, a steel folding stock and the option to fire single round mode or full automatic.

The silenced version of the Type 85 features a steel silencer and fires the subsonic 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge though the 7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT cartridge is still available to this type of weapon at the expense of stealth.

Both versions feature the folding stock and a 30-round detachable box magazine.

NORINCO Type 85 Specification


- Close Quarters Battle (CQB) / Personal Security


Overall Length:

628 mm (24.72 in)

Weight (Unloaded):

4.19 lb (1.90 kg)




Open Bolt; Blowback


780 rounds-per-minute


Type 85 - Base Submachine Gun

Type 85 (Silenced) - Base Submachine Gun with steel silencer; 2.5kg empty weight; 869mm length with open stock; 800 rounds per minute; 100-150m effective range; 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge.

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